2021 Census

What is the census?

A census is a count of all people and households in the country that takes place every ten years.  It asks people about subjects such as work, health, ethnic background, education and marital status.  The responses build a picture of today’s society which helps central and local government, health authorities, businesses, voluntary sector organisations and communities target resources and plan for years to come.

The 2021 Census took place on 21 March 2021.  In England and Wales the 2021 Census was organised and carried out by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).  More detail on all aspects of the census can be found on the 2021 Census web pages.


Census 2021 logo

First Results

The first results from Census 2021 were published on 28 June 2022 and give communities across Dudley a glimpse of how our local population has changed in the past decade.  All households across Dudley were asked to take part in Census 2021, which provides the most accurate estimate of all the people and households in England and Wales.  There was a 97 per cent borough response rate to the census.

The first results provide estimates of our population, as well as age and sex profiles.  Census 2021 shows the estimated population of Dudley on Census Day, 21 March 2021, was 323,500 (rounded to the nearest hundred), a 3.4% increase from the Census 2011 figure of 312,900.

For more information visit the ONS web site First Results from Census 2021 page.  You can also view the report on how the population changed in Dudley in the ten years to Census 2021 and how this compares to other areas, or use the ONS interactive tool to see Dudley's age-sex estimates and compare to other local authorities.

Topic Summaries

The ONS will release further results from the census from November 2022 onwards, starting with Topic Summaries and facts and figures about areas. Topic Summaries include sets of data, or datasets, most of which include data from a single variable. A variable is a particular characteristic of a person or household, for example, religion or accommodation type.

The summaries are shown below in the order ONS plan to release them. Confirmed release dates are given where available and will be added for other topic summaries when provided by ONS. Please see the Census 2021 topic summaries web page for more details.

To view headline data and links to maps and data downloads for the released topics click on the '+' for your topic summary of interest to open.  The headlines for the most recently released Topic Summary will be open to view below and can be minimised by clicking on the '-'.

Topic Summaries (published / confirmed dates)

Ethnic group, national identity, language and religion (published 29 November 2022)

Ethnic group, national identity, language and religion Topic Summary: Headlines

- 82.4% of the Dudley population identified their ethnic group as White English / Welsh / Scottish / Northern Irish / British, compared to 88.5% in Census 2011

- The next largest ethnic groups are Pakistani with 4.6% of the population (3.3% in Census 2011), Indian with 2.4% (1.8% in 2011) and Other White with 1.9% (1% in 2011)

- 94.4% of the Dudley population responded that their national identity was British, English or a combination of both

- All adults in 94.5% of Dudley households have English as a main language, compared to 96% in Census 2011

- 2.3% of households have no people with English as a main language (1.4% in 2011)

- 95.6% of the Dudley population aged 3 and over have English as their first or preferred language, compared to 96.8% in Census 2011

- The next most prevalent preferred languages are Urdu with 0.8% of the population (0.8% in Census 2011), Panjabi with 0.7% (0.5% in 2011) and Polish with 0.5% (0.2% in 2011)

- 49.3% of the Dudley population identified their religion as Christian, compared to 65.3% in Census 2011. 36% said they had no religion (22% in Census 2011)

- The next most prevalent religions are Muslim with 6.2% of the population (4.1% in Census 2011), Sikh with 1.6% (1.2% in 2011) and Hindu with 0.7% (0.6% in 2011)

Use the Census maps interactive tool to explore Census 2021 data from the ethnic group, national identity, language and religion topic summary, or download the datasets from the ONS.

Further results

For information about other Census 2021 data due to be released after the topic summaries please visit Census 2021 results.